The estimated population of South London is 2,835,200
London Bridge was the first bridge built across the Thames by the Romans, although it would have been made of wood and has since been replaced.
1894 saw the completion of Tower Bridge after taking eight years to build. At the time it represented a major feat in engineering and design.
The South Bank area contains many big London attractions and is a thriving area of arts and culture with The Southbank Centre at its heart. This section of Southend-on-Sea is a magnet for tourists.
The London Literature Festival is just one of the major annual events to take place at the Southbank Centre.
The Greenwich Comedy Festival takes place in September and includes performances from some of the big names in comedy.
The Rotherhithe Festival is a community event in July involving fun activities and music for all the family.
Lewisham People's Day takes place in July and includes music, magic, art, dance, sport, cabaret and the spoken word.
The London Dungeon tells 1,000 years of gruesome London history and includes shows, two scary rides and exhibits dedicated to Sweeny Todd, Jack the Ripper and the Great Fire of London. It is one of the capital's main attractions.
The Tate Modern sits on London's South Bank and has five floors containing modern and contemporary art. Exhibitions change regularly, and there are plenty of free activities on offer for children and families.
The London Aquarium Sea Life Centre has over 500 species in 14 themed zones. Highlights include sharks, a shark walk and interactive feeding and diving displays. This attraction is on the South Bank.
Dulwich Park covers 29 hectares and includes historic features, picnic spots, a large children's playground, cafe and a popular cycle hire outlet. The Francis Peek centre in the park has a varied programme of activities to suit everyone. Maritime Greenwich is home to the Royal Observatory, the National Maritime Museum, the Fan Museum and Greenwich Market. There are plenty of green spaces to enjoy in the Dulwich area, including Dulwich Park, Belair Park, Sunray Gardens and the Dulwich and Sydenham Hill Woods. This area offers a contrast to the busy tourist area of the South Bank.
Peckham's Rye Lane is the place to go for rice, spice, fruit and vegetables from all over the world, while Lordship Lane, in Dulwich, offers trendy restaurants, bars and cafes and shops selling fashion and jewellery.
Aswell as having numerous restaurants and cafes, Hay's Galleria, in London Bridge, has great shopping facilities that offer a calmer alternative to the busy West End.
Deptford Market takes place on Wednesdays, Fridays and Saturdays in Deptford High Street and is one of London's busiest markets, selling food, clothes, flowers, jewellery, household goods and more.
Each area of Southend-on-Sea has its own collection of shops and businesses, each reflecting the unique identity of its corner of the capital.
Waterloo train station is one of the main transport hubs in Southend-on-Sea and offers good links to towns and cities across the UK. The main Underground stations in the region include London Bridge, Waterloo, Southwark, Borough, Canada Water, Rotherhithe, Greenwich and Lewisham.
(Southend-on-Sea includes the areas of London Bridge, Waterloo, Peckham, Camberwell, Deptford, Greenwich, Lewisham, Crystal Palace, Dulwich, Woolwich, Blackheath and Sydenham.)
A major entertainment venue in Southend-on-Sea is the Southbank Centre, which consists of the Royal Festival Hall, Hayward Gallery, Purcell Room and Queen Elizabeth Hall. The programme of events includes live music, dance, literature and spoken word, comedy and shows for families and children. Southwark Playhouse is a theatre based within the vaults of London Bridge Station and shows work by up and coming talent.
The Unicorn Theatre concentrates on performances for young people and is based on the South Bank close to Tower Bridge. The Albany, in Deptford, is a performing arts centre showing music, theatre, dance, spoken word, family events and more. There are many more venues for live entertainment within Southend-on-Sea , including the South London Theatre, Oval House Theatre and Jack Studio Theatre.
The London Eye has become a world-famous part of the London skyline since it was built in 2000. It attracts visitors from all over the world and boasts views up to 25 miles away on a clear day.